The Influence of Legislative Performance and Public Trust on Constituent Loyalty (Study on the 2019 Legislative Election in the Electoral District of Southeast Sulawesi Province)
Keywords:legislative performance, constituent loyalty, significantly
This research aims to explore the relationship between legislative performance and constituent loyalty mediated by public trust, by taking a study of the 2019 legislative elections in Southeast Sulawesi Province, which were held simultaneously in Indonesia. The design uses a quantitative method (Crewsell, 2010) with an explanatory type that explains the relationship between variables (Kothari, 2004). The population is 1,685,377 people spread over 17 regencies/cities in Southeast Sulawesi Province. Whereas The sample was determined based on the Slovin formula with a multistage random sampling technique, which was 400 respondents (Riduwan, 2009). The data analysis method used structural equation modeling (SEM) with WarpPLS software and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) to test the hypothesized model. The latent variables in this study are legislative performance (X), public trust (Y), and constituent loyalty (Z). The results of this study found that legislative performance directly affects constituent loyalty positively and significantly. Public trust mediates legislative performance on constituent loyalty, but not significantly. Originality from findings This means that public trust does not significantly affect constituent loyalty. This means that the low level of public trust in the legislature has no significant effect on constituent loyalty. This finding implies that increasing public trust is not a strategy in maintaining constituent loyalty, because constituents do not use it as a reason to remain loyal. This is shown by the 2019 election results, where 60% or most of the incumbent legislative members in the Southeast Sulawesi constituency were successfully re-elected, although at the same time the level of public trust in the legislature was low.