Values of Life and Local Culture in the Architecture of the Mataram Palace of Yogyakarta
Keywords:Value of Life, Culture, Architecture, Mataram Palace
Several research studies have found that the Mataram Palace was built by Prince Mangkubumi Sukowati (Hamengku Buwono I) in 1756 AD. This building has spiritual and life values that appear in its architecture. Based on data obtained by the author from various sources, before the establishment of the Ngayogyakarta Hadiningrat palace, the only palace (kingdom) in Mataram was Kasunanan Kartasura, but after the Giyanti agreement, or the Round Table, which was signed on February 13, 1753. Traditional houses are a concrete form of culture. This research is qualitative-descriptive field research. The population in this study were relatives of the Mataram Palace, religious leaders, and philosophers from UGM. Data was collected by observation, semi-structured interviews, and documentation. The results showed that: 1) The architect of the Ngayogyakarta Hadiningrat Palace was Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono I. His expertise as a building architect had been possessed since he was young. His king had the title of Pangeran Mangkubumi Sukowati. 2) Traditional buildings or traditional houses in the Mataram Palace contain philosophical elements that are full of religious values, beliefs, norms, and cultural values of the Javanese ethnicity.