The Effect of High-Water Salinity Concentrations on the Agricultural Reality in Samarra District


  • Assistant Prof. Dr. Suhaila Najem Al Ibrahimi University of Baghdad, College of Arts, Dep. of Geography - Iraq.


Samarra, Soil, Water Salinity, River, Well, Agricultural, Groundwater, Grains, Vegetables


The research (the effect of high concentrations of water salinity on the agricultural reality in Samarra district) aims to clarify the effect of salts and water quality on the diversity of agricultural investment In the region, whether it is Superficial or Subterranean water, as well as clarifying the role of the Tigris river stream in financing irrigation projects in the region with the necessary water to cover its need, The modern technology (GIS) has mainly been relied upon to clarify the reality of the region to benefit from the results of the laboratory analyzes and various maps in the analysis and building samples. The study reached several results, the most important ones are: The importance of using modern technologies in hydrological studies in analyzing and converting raw spatial data into a digital database in the process of analysis and building various models. The variation in the distribution of Subterranean water from one region to another in terms of numerical distribution affected by climate on the one hand and natural and human factors on the other hand. The distribution of the variation in the salinity of Subterranean and Superficial water and its effect on the diversity in the quality of agricultural crops, which is the main economic axis for the region’s population. Classifying agricultural crops and determining their areas and the possibility of expanding them through concern for determining the quality of the crop and the appropriateness rate of salts in the water used for irrigation, whether superficial or Subterranean water.