Appellation as A Semantic Equivalence in Appositional Constructions with Particular Aspects of Geographical Education
Keywords:Appellation, Semantic Equivalence, Appositional Constructions, Appositives, Anchor
This paper investigates appellation as a semantic equivalence in appositional construction with particular aspects of linguistics. Appositives are constituents that cannot be separated from the anchor. Appositives in the form of appellations may be analyzed semantically. In this article, the appositives of appellations are viewed from the contents of the semantic equivalence, and the ways to demonstrate that the appositive in the form of appellation has semantic equivalence. Therefore, this research serves two aims: 1) to explain the naming contents of appellation in the appositional constructions, and 2) to provide the ways to demonstrate that the appositive in the form of appellation has semantic equivalence. The data sources are taken from three English printed media: 1) daily news The Jakarta Post, 2) weekly magazine TIME, and 3) monthly magazine Reader’s Digest. The Data are analyzed through employing the method of qualitative research, that is, the method producing descriptive data, both written and oral data. To analyze such descriptive data, the distributional method of analysis with the following techniques is used: deleting, extracting, and intruding. The results indicate that: 1) The naming contents of appellation in the appositional constructions involve variety of proper names, namely the name of the person, the name of work activity (occupation), the names of certain social classes, the names of objects, the name of the educational institution, the name of art collection, and the names of states; 2) To demonstrate the existence of the semantic equivalence in the appositional constructions can be conducted through inserting/intruding certain words of what the so-called related signal words and extracting the anchors and the appositives of appellations from the contexts. As the related additional but beneficial information, the naming contents of the anchors are comparatively different from those of the appositives of appellations – appositives tend to be more specific than anchors.