Knowledge Sharing Culture Among Academic Staff: A Case of Government Universities in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Keywords:Knowledge sharing; academic staff; higher education institution; motivation; trust; management support
This study was aimed to explore the knowledge sharing culture among academic staff in two higher education institutions namely; Addis Ababa University (AAU) and Addis Ababa Science and Technology University (AASTU) in Ethiopia. Both quantitative data and qualitative data were collected from academic staff and managers, respectively. Observation was conducted to assess the availability of facilities for knowledge sharing. The result showed that both academic staff and managers had positive attitude and perception towards knowledge sharing. The academic staff had good trust to their colleagues and university to share their knowledge. There was no scientifically established platform for knowledge sharing, and lack of laboratories and equipment’s were the main constraints that limit knowledge sharing in both universities. We found that the management support in creating opportunities for knowledge sharing and the rewarding system for knowledge sharer was poor. Intrinsic motivation was significantly higher than that of extrinsic motivation. Generally, the study provides valuable information about the knowledge sharing culture and practice of AAU and AASTU. We recommend that managers of both universities should work to create more enabling knowedlge sharing platform, opportunities and rewarding system that can faciltitate knowedlge sharing.