Personal and Environmental Factors Influencing Career Decision-Making Self-Efficacy: The Moderation Role of Student Career Development Program at Sultan Qaboos University

    Al-Busaidi, Z. A ,Alias, R

    Abstract

    Career undecidedness is a rising issue among university students which could potentially lead to prolonged study or wrong career choices. The Social Career Cognitive Theory identified personal and environment factors influencing career decision-making self-efficacy. Hence, this study investigates the influence of personal factors (students’ goal-setting and self-interest) and environmental factors (family influence, peer pressure and school career guidance and counseling) on career decision-making self-efficacy. Further to that, this study also investigates the moderating effect of a student career intervention program called Student Development Program on the relationships of these factors with career decision-making self-efficacy. Based on a descriptive and quantitative research design, this study analyzed a dataset gathered from 222 students selected using stratified random sampling. Data was analyzed using a structural equation modeling approach with partial least square. Findings indicated that personal and environmental factors, and student development program explained 84.4% of variance in career decision making self-efficacy. Both personal and environmental factors significantly influence career decision making self-efficacy. Further to that, student development program moderates the relationships of both personal factors (goal setting and self-interest) and one environmental factor (school career guidance and counseling) with career decision-making self-efficacy. These findings provide insights on guiding students with the right strategies involving students, parents, peers and school, while at the same time, enriching them more with career intervention prior to their enrolment in university.

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