Implementing the Technical and Intellectual Japanese Transformation in the Works of the Japanese Potter (Takuro Kuwata): Analytical study

    Dr Nabeel Mustafa Mohammed

    Abstract

    The research deals with the study of the techniques of Japanese ceramics and employing the intellectual transformation of techniques in contemporary thinking, and  how the potter (Takuro Kuwata) expresses himself within life; in his ceramic creations made in the years (2011-2012) to include techniques (Ishi-haze) and (Kin-tsugl) and (Choseki-yu/ Shino-yu) and (Kairagi). The Japanese intellectual references, contemporary Japanese art and ceramics, the aesthetic foundation of contemporary thought, and a review of the Japanese ceramic techniques were all adopted in the subject of the research, and previous studies were presented as well as what resulted from the theoretical framework. The samples were selected from the research community, which were chosen out of (30) works. They are (3) works that represent the community and the objectives of the research, and then the samples were analyzed based on what was stated in the theoretical framework. After analyzing the research samples, it was found that the potter used the systems of traditional Japanese ceramics and adapted them in way that goes with the visions of the present time and contemporary thinking and we can see the variety of techniques on the surface of the work, so that he paired two or more techniques, and he employed the technique inherited from the past by using it  to create the expression he wants and to add an aesthetic that is somehow faithful to the heritage but also produces contemporary expressive visions. He achieved an effective presence of the pressure of the environment, thought and the act of nature, showing the anxiety of existence that baffled man, and the cross-fertilization and openness of Japanese thought that appeared after a long isolation from the world. He added a high expressive ability that was the product of a different way of thinking that changed the intellectual visions and the Japanese artistic taste in general. The potter was born with a vision through which he combined an ancient inherited technique that he preserved through the ages with a European color that is the fruit of the contemporary present and the intellectual connection between Japan and the cultures of the new world. A technique with the effect of ancient and contemporary thought. The struggle of existence is an eternal struggle that the Japanese man has experienced since ancient times, so he sought the help of religion, gods and rituals, to achieve a balance between the forces of nature that nothing stands in front of, except for his supplication to the gods to reach safety, renewal, hope, determination and perseverance in rebuilding work and compensating for the past after Japanese Confucianism asserted that (the Supreme) rules the world, as a transcendent power, beyond the comprehension of only man, and that the fate of man is determined by heaven. This has contributed to the development of Japanese philosophical thought, which worked with contemporary global and inherited thought, in employing some techniques to control these forces in ceramic systems that are closer to the inheritance, and technical and intellectual visions that are closer to the contemporary after he was unable to control them in reality. This virtual world may succeed in combining the new and the old and reformulate the heritage to keep pace with contemporary concerns.

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