The task of managing the safety of ammunition storage under conditions of uncertainty is being formed. A dispersed group of ammunition is considered as a multicomponent system and risk factors for an emergency, a general strategy for managing the safety of ammunition storage is proposed. The task of operational management of ammunition storage safety is formulated in order to prevent the occurrence of emergency situations and their development. The possibilities of minimizing damage from an emergency situation are analyzed. Based on the above, a safety management strategy for the storage of ammunition in warehouses and arsenals is proposed.