The purpose of the study was to investigate the mediating effect of fathers’ parenting involvement on the
relation between fathers’ sex-role attitude and mothers’ parenting efficacy. A total of 240 parents of
double-income family with young children in South Korea were selected as the participants for the study.
The study variables were measured using the survey questionnaires. Pearson’s correlation analyses and
regression analyses along with Sobel test were conducted. The results demonstrated that fathers’
parenting involvement had a significant partial mediation effect on the relationship between fathers’ sexrole attitude and mothers’ parenting efficacy.