Women with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) Children Community in Indonesia, Their Education and Influence of The Socialization Stage

    Tri Quari ,Rizabuana Ismail ,Suwardi Lubis ,Ria Manurung ,Devi Sihotang ,Salamah T Batubara
    Keywords: Autism Spectrum Disorder, Family, Socialization, Community, Children ,

    Abstract

    Abstract
    The objective of this study was to discuss a family’s role and function in helping the process of
    socialization for ASD (autism spectrum disorder) children. The informants were parents of children with
    ASD; they were the members of a special community of women with ASD children, Komunitas Kasih Ibu.
    The data were gathered by conducting observation and in-depth interviews with 6 (six) parents and a
    psychologist. The result of this study showed that a family was an important foundation in helping
    autistic children, viewed from social and psychological aspects. Therefore, family’s role and function
    could influence the adaptation of autistic children through the stages of socialization and interaction. It
    was also found that parents’ interaction and communication with their autistic children could become
    an important key for them to get involved in the world of autistic children so that they could grasp their
    autistic children’s interest. According to Mead’s concept, parents’ socialization stages for taking care of
    their autistic children consist of preparatory stage, imitation stage, ready to act stage, and collective
    norm acceptance stage. These socialization stages constitute a complete package in which a success
    is needed in each stage; if one stage fails, it has to be repeated.

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