Analysis of Spatial Hierarchy according to the Location of Senior Centers in Apartment Complexes

    Xiaolong Zhao ,Heangwoo Lee
    Keywords: Senior center, Apartment complex, spatial hierarchy, Accessibility, Recognizability ,

    Abstract

    Abstract
    Research on the quality of social care and welfare facilities for the elderly is increasing to prepare for the
    future of our rapidly aging society. Yet the use of senior centers in large apartment complexes has been
    reduced, which may be due to accessibility issues. While most of the senior centers in apartment
    complexes have grown in quantity, they are still lacking in quality. Although the number of apartments
    has increased exponentially, there is a lack of research on the senior facilities in these apartment
    complexes. In particular, there has been no research on the senior centers in apartment complexes that
    considers accessibility and recognition based on spatial hierarchy related to the physical characteristics
    of the elderly. Therefore, this study was conducted in four stages to analyze the spatial hierarchy of the
    circulation in senior centers in apartment complexes in Korea. First, this study examined the role of senior
    centers and considered the research trends related to such facilities. Space syntax was used to calculate
    the accessibility and recognition during this process. Second, the research cases were primarily limited to
    Seoul, Korea. After selecting Songpa-gu, which has the largest population, a survey of apartment
    complexes jointly built by leading construction companies was conducted. Based on the results, axial
    maps were created to obtain the connectivity, global integration, and local integration of the axial lines
    exposing each apartment complex and senior center. Third, the accessibility and recognition of the senior
    centers locations were analyzed by comparing the index values of each apartment complex and senior
    center. Fourth, based on the analyzed index values, the researchers recorded the number of people who
    visited each senior center. The main findings of this study are as follows. Although the senior centers in the
    jointly constructed apartment complexes were located in areas with relatively higher accessibility and
    recognition, there was no correlation between the size of the apartment complex and the number of
    visitors. The relatively small complexes had more visitors. On the other hand, the use of senior centers in
    large apartment complexes was reduced, which may be due to accessibility

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