The Study Of Structure, Cultural Values And Traditions Of Rhyme Pangemat Function In Traditional Ceremony Seren Taun Epidemic Villagers Ciptagelar Sukabumi

    Cucu Kartini ,Syihabuddin ,Enung Nurhayati
    Keywords: Oral tradition, rhyme story, ritual, village of Ciptagelar, function, value, and preservation ,

    Abstract

    Abstract
    The purpose of this research was to describe the study of structure, cultural values and traditions of rhyme
    pangemat function in a traditional ceremony seren taun epidemic villagers Ciptagelar Sukabumi
    regency in West Java. Traditions of rhyme pangemat is a rhyme story told by the interpreter rhyme in the
    performance ruwatan it is called mantun. Mantun traditions of seren taun at Ciptagelar is a manifestation
    of existence of a tradition in community Ciptagelar always maintain cultural values, preserving the
    customs and beliefs to the legacy of his ancestors as a tangible manifestation of the prevailing culture.
    Rhymes to show appreciation myth that exposure to his stories contain religious values, ethics, and
    aesthetics social life in the community wisely. Broadly speaking, the purpose of this study is to preserve the
    cultural traditions of the rhymes story. The specific purpose of this research is to: 1) see and know the story
    structure of the Seren Taun at Ciptagelar rhyme, 2) explore cultural values at the seren taun ceremony in
    the Ciptagelar indigenous community, 3) applying the value of education contained in the seren taun
    Ciptagelar rhyme story to modern society, 4) examines the structure which includes the implementation
    and its components, functions for the education, life values, local wisdom, and preservation model of oral
    traditions of the seren taun rhyme story. The location of this research is the village of Ciptagelar in the
    district of Sukabumi, West Java province. This study used a qualitative approach with etnographic
    descriptive method. The data collection was done by interviewing, observing, reviewing, recording, and
    documenting. Informants in this study were the perpetrators of ritual, the users of ritual services, community
    leaders, and youth leaders. Data were analized by selection, reduction, interpretation, conclusion, and
    verification of data. The functions of oral tradition of the rhyme story are aesthetic, pragmatic, ethical,
    historical, ritual, entertainment, communication, and symbolic representation. The values contained in
    the oral tradition of rhyme story include a family atmosphere, religion, beauty, economy, politics, mutual
    cooperation, and education.

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