The Tradition Of Burning Incense In Dhikr Assemblies In Java: A Living Hadith Study

    Shofaussamawati ,Muhammad Misbah ,Muh. Amiruddin ,Anisah Setyaningrum ,Muhajjir Azimiddin ,Muhammad Masruri
    Keywords: living hadith, incense, dhikr assembly, ethnography ,

    Abstract

    Abstract
    This research examines one of the burning incense traditions which is carried out in the Anwar Ar-Raudhah
    Dhikr Assembly in Ma'had Ar-Raudhah, Kajeksan Village, Kota District, Kudus Regency, Central Java,
    Indonesia. This study aims to determine what is the background for the burning incense in these
    assemblies. This phenomenon is included in the tradition of Living Hadith practice. The existence of this
    phenomenon makes the researchers formulate the problem of how the implementation of the burning
    incense is, what the meaning of burning incense is, and how to use it in the hadith perspective. This
    research is qualitative research with the ethnographic approach of participant observation proposed by
    James P. Spradley. Besides, researchers use a literature approach in completing the data. There were
    two sources of the data, primary and secondary sources. The primary source was obtained directly by
    the researcher from the research object, which was all informants in Ma'had Ar-Raudhah. While the
    secondary source was in the form of library material related to the discussion and theoretical basis. The
    data were analyzed by descriptive explanation. The results of this research showed that incense is always
    used in every dhikr assembly of Anwar Ar-Raudhah. The burning incense as a form of ittiba' to the Prophet
    Muhammad and the Salafushshalih. Besides, the burning incense creates a fragrant smell that can affect
    inner peace and increase concentration. This tradition is also in line with the hadith of the Prophet.

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