Food Carrying Capacity as an Indicator of Sustainability of Smallholder Oil Palm Plantations in Riau Province


  • Riyadi Mustofa Doctoral Student of Environmental Science, Postgraduates Program of Riau University
  • Hapsoh Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Riau, Pekanbaru, Indonesia
  • Almasdi Syahza Institute for Research and Community Service (LPPM), Universitas Riau, Pekanbaru, Indonesia.
  • Suwondo Environmental Science Department, Postgraduates Program of Riau University, Pekanbaru, Indonesia


spatial, carrying capacity, food, sustainability, palm oil


The food carrying capacity of smallholder oil palm plantations as an indicator of the performance of
ecosystem services can be seen from the carrying capacity of actual and potential food. The carrying
capacity of potential food is calculated based on indirect food potential while the carrying capacity of
actual food is calculated based on the availability of food produced from the production of Fresh Fruit
Bunches (FFB) of oil palm which is converted into a staple food. This study aims to calculate the food
carrying capacity of smallholder oil palm plantations in Riau Province. The research methods employed
were spatial analysis and farm analysis. The results indicate that smallholder oil palm plantations are able
to produce food of 199,979 kg/ha/year originating from the potential food carrying capacity of 198,865
kg/ha/year and the actual 1,114 kg/ha/year. The food requirement of 73,916 kg/ha/year comes from the
potential food need of 73,298 kg/ha/year and the actual food need of 618 kg/ha/year. To conclude, oil
palm plantations have a surplus food carrying capacity of 126,063 kg/ha/yr originating from potential
food of 125,567 kg/ha/yr and actual food of 496 kg/ha/yr.