The Relationship between Coronavirus and Atmospheric Pollutants over Iraq

Authors

  • Wedyan G. Nassif
  • lqbal H. Abdulkareem
  • Osama T. Al-Taai
  • Zainab M. Abbood

Abstract

Coronavirus is the most dangerous and fastest virus that appeared in China in 2019 and began to spread in all countries of the world. The relationship between the percentages of polluted gases was studied in conjunction with the spread of the Coronavirus and compared to 2019 on the one hand, and the relationship between the spread of the Coronavirus, high temperatures, and relative humidity. To see how much, it affects an increase or decrease in the number of infections in general. The data for this study, which includes polluting gases (CH4, O3, CO, SO2, NO, and CO) and (temperatures and relative humidity) were taken from the European Center for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) for the years 2019 and 2020 for several selected stations over Iraq. The results showed, through spatial analysis, a decrease in the percentage of pollutant gases and greenhouse gases compared to last year, as it was observed that the increase in injuries was concentrated in the central and southern regions, especially in the Baghdad regions. Where the highest cases were recorded in the region Area. May 23, 2020, as we note that the number of injuries reached 3263, while the number of deaths reached 62 cases per day, as well as in Najaf and Basra, and decreased in the northern and western regions of Anbar and Salah. Al-Din and Duhok, and it was reported in this study that when the temperature and relative humidity rise together, this will lead to the absence or disappearance of the virus in many regions of Iraq.

 

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